Joachim asks a good question in the comments -
I’d be interested in an expanded version of your thoughts on nationalism. My perspective is quite different – global problems require global solutions – but then you’re from the “USA! USA!” while my continent has been devastated by two world wars (more recently, consider e.g. the troubles in Yugoslavia.)
I think nationalism is like a catalyst or accelerator - it makes a place go more in the direction it's currently going. During a renaissance, nationalism makes more people excited to try new things, explore, invent, and expand. During a recovery period, nationalism encourages solidarity, a helping hand, and backing each other up instead of just feeling defeated.
It cuts both ways - in a beaten down, embarrassed nation that's paying reparations to the other side, nationalism really makes that anger and hostility get explosive - that's what Hitler whipped up. On the other hand, nationalism among the allies helped them carry on strongly, survive, and triumph. Keep calm and carry on...
Nationalism in North Korea translates to more loyalty to the insane regime, whereas nationalism in South Korea means hard work, modernization, and a high quality of life.
Anti-nationalistic countries tend to meltdown and self destruct, like England backing down during the Suez Crisis. Birthrates fall, the economy grows slower or contracts, and the country falls into disrepair and ruin.
A nationalistic pride really spurs whatever the current sentiment is forwards and makes more of it. During a golden age, it makes the nation's culture really flourish and expand rapidly, having the art, craft, technology, and spirit of the nation grow rapidly. Nationalism + hatred is an incredibly bad thing, but that's not the fault of nationalism: It's the fault of hatred. Hatred is also bad in anti-nationalistic places, though it tends to display itself in those places more as self-loathing and passive aggression and inward-directed destruction.
An interesting question is what's better in a fundamentally flawed place - nationalism or no nationalism? I don't think there's a great answer to that... if you had some power in one of those places, you'd want to fix the fundamental flaws first and foremost.
Then, in a nation that's really flourishing, cultivating a spirit of pride and celebration in the nation's achievements tend to accelerate progress.
Nationalism is an interesting word. One that I think has largely overstayed its welcome as a useful term of art. As one of political discussion, it may still have much use before it goes stale, but not as a directly measurable quantity.
From my perspective, the better term to use is tribalism. This is because you can speak of very, very large tribes that tend to have a high degree of internal cohesion. Think of the Japanese or the Palestinians. On the other hand, you can reliably speak of very small tribes in a coherent way. Thus, in terms of describing the divisions of power within a culture or within a set of cultures that happen to inhabit a historically recognized piece of dirt tribes lets you speak accurately within implicitly valuing one tribe against another as nationalism does.
(I'll admit that there is a substantive argument there at the end but I think I've made it clear enough implicitly. Let me know if you think otherwise and I'll be happy to articulate it explicitly.)
Another thing speaking in terms of Tribes and tribalism is that it gives the researcher and the activist a means to directly measure racism/racialism in a way that does not directly impinge on the color of someones skin. Just a thought.
It's an extremely proud, nationalistic country. There's strong traditionally masculine elements here.
That means a culture that can be kind of xenophobic, violent, and aggressive.
Despite that, I actually like it. I like traditionally masculine, proud, nationalistic countries. I know that isn't fashionable to say in this day and age, but after having been around a lot of the world, I just feel really bad for the citizens of countries that are totally pacified and unproud. The men move through life in a sort of drudgery and haze, and the women don't seem to enjoy those state of affairs either.
That said, pride/nationalism/hyper-masculine mixed with transitioning out of poverty can lead to bad places. It's not so much nationalism that is bad, as much as it's a catalyst for whatever else is happening in the society. In a country in a renaissance or golden age, with an emphasis on expansion, science, commerce, innovation, hard work, and building wealth, nationalism and pride becomes a force for progress. In a country that's on the down and out, nationalism amplifies that to bad result.
Mongolia is interesting. Their national holiday, Naadam, is a festival in July featuring wrestling, horseback riding, and archery.
Throughout my life I've struggled with pride. I've suffered from it's consequences. A relationship was completely destroyed from my pride. God has humbled me several times after I've boasted about my own ability and yet I continue to slip into that dark, prideful point of view. Pride is literally the most useless, worthless, pointless, and pleasureless of sins. With sex, with theft, even with murder, you get something out of that action. You gain pleasure with sex, you get nice watch with theft, you get revenge or the like with murder. But with pride one just sits and stews in the hatred of others thinking that you, yourself, is 'right'. You are alone when you are prideful. You gain nothing. You feel like everyone should be recognizing you for how smart you are but no one is and no one will, so you sit and puff yourself up, alone. It is completely without gain. So why is it the sin I struggle with the most? Why is there a temptation to do something that makes me hateful and feel alone? Is it because I love myself too much? Because the irony behind that is that I hate myself when I'm prideful.
I'm prideful because I love myself and I hate myself when I'm prideful...
That's a little odd. The enemy is so damn clever. He's not clever enough to reverse my salvation that Christ has given to me.